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--- RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ---

NEW GREEN CIVILIZATION

| INDEX / NEW GREEN INDUSTRY |
| INDEX / NEW ENERGY |
 
02
NEW ENERGY
CARBON
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FRIEDRICH BERGIUS

German chemist
Come 11 October 1884 in Wroclaw
Gone 31 March 1949 in Argentina
1931 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Carl Bosch
Coal liquefaction (Bergius-Pier process)

 
 
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ELECTRICAL ENERGY WITH CARBON FUEL CELL
 
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PRODUCT ELECTRICAL ENERGY WITH CARBON FUEL CELL
Efficiency 60%
Input Standard Biocoal / 60%-92% carbon without sulfure
   
Electrical energy production / 1 ha algae farm ( 100 x 100 m) NET 20 t (dry) organic carbon 98% / 8,1 kWh/ kg
  162.000 kWh (thermal energy) per year
  97.200 kWh (electrical energy) per year
  11 kW electrical power / 8765 h per year / 24h per day
  4.500 kWh electrical energy
  Supply 21 four-person household with 1 ha algae farm
   
Electrical energy production / 1 ha sudan grass farm ( 100 x 100 m) NET 5 t (dry) organic carbon 80% / 7,1 kWh/ kg
  35.500 kWh (thermal energy) per year
  21.300 kWh (electrical energy) per year
  2,5 kW electrical power / 8765 h per year / 24h per day
  4.500 kWh electrical energy
  Supply 4 four-person household with 1 ha algae farm
   
SARA's vision for a utility scale power plant. APEG units are stacked to produce utility scale voltages and powers.
 

The Advantages with fossil coal

APEG has numerous advantages when compared to conventional coal fired power plants:

  • Up to twice the power production efficiency of conventional coal power plants, resulting in about 50% reduction in CO2 emissions.
  • Pollution-free since all pollutants such as fly-ash, sulfur, and mercury are captured in the electrolyte.
  • 100% capture of CO2 emissions (a known greenhouse warming gas) since it exits the fuel cell as a concentrated stream without impurities.
  • Is not dependent on proximity to large bodies of water as the APEG does not boil water or generate large amount of waste heat.
  • Scalable from micropower distributed generation up to utility power levels.
  • Power output can be rapidly increased or decreased, making it an ideal companion to intermittent renewable energy sources.
  • Lower capital cost and cost of energy as compared to conventional coal plants since it does not depend on exotic material.