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--- RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ---

NEW GREEN CIVILIZATION

| INDEX / NEW GREEN INDUSTRY |
 
06
BIOCHEMICALS
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Aliphatics:   Aliphaten:  
Ethylene   Äthylen  
Propylene   Propylen  
Butenes + butadiene   Butene + Butadien  
n-Paraffins (washing raw material)   n- Paraffine (Waschrohstoff)  
Solid paraffins   feste Paraffine  
Aromatics:   Aromaten:  
Benzene   Benzol  
Toluol   Toloul  
Xylenes   Xylole  
Naphthalene   Naphtalin  
Oxygen-containing compounds:   Sauerstoffhaltige Verbindungen:  
Methanol   Methanol  
Ethanol   Äthanol  
Butanol   Butanole  
Formaldehyde   Formaldehyd  
Acetaldehyde   Acetaldehyd  
Tar acids (phenols)   Teersäuren (Phenole)  
Inorganic products:   Anorganische Produkte:  
Synthetic ammonia   Synthese- Amoniak  
Sulfur   Schwefel  
 
 
 
Catalytic oxidation of ethylene on silver
--> ethylene oxide
NEED Ethylene oxide FOR:
  • Synthesis of ethylene glycol (antifreeze, block of polyester fibers)
  • Non-ionic detergent and wetting agents
  • Polyglycols
  • Ethanolamines
 
 
 
POLYAMIDE FIBERS
Synthesis of famous nylon fibers
Starting materials, benzene, phenol, propylene, Butadin, dehydrogenation of n-butenes

Hydrogenation of benzene or phenol, followed by oxidation
--> Intermediate cyclohexanone oxime + + caprolactam
--> Nylon-6
 
 
 
PRODUCTS from primary and secondary (bio)- chemicals
 
  • Polyester-fiber fabrics
  • Polyplasts
  • Elastomers
  • Alkylbenzenesulphonates / alkyl sulfonates (detergents raw materials)
  • Pesticides:
    • (Methanol, ethanol, sulfur, benzene)
    • -> Melathion (phosphorus-containing insecticide)
  • Lubricating oil additives
  • Synthetic oils
  • Ester oils (aircraft industry)
  • Proteins
  • Fats